Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Zoological Studies require authors to declare their statement in conflict of interests, statement to human and animal rights and informed consent in the cover letter during the submission. These statements will be published in the paper after the manuscript was accepted for publication.

Authors’ contributions:
The individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.
Example: JWL and PLS designed the study, performed the statistical analyses, and wrote the manuscript. HCW developed the parasite protocols. HYL and PLS performed the field work. HYL and HCW analyzed the specimen. All authors participated in revising the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Competing interests:
Authors must declare all relationships or interests from the work conducted in the manuscript. The Conflict of Interest statement should list each author separately by name:
LT declares that she has no conflict of interest.
LW has received research grants from the MOST, Taiwan.
If multiple authors declare no conflict, please write the following sentence:
LT and LW declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Availability of data and materials:
Authors should fill in “Availability of data and materials” section concerning the data involved in the paper to be available to readers. Zoological studies recommends the key datasets of the manuscript should be either deposited in publicly available repositories (e.g. Genbank for DNA sequences data) or presented as additional files in computer reader format (e.g. excel, doc or pdf formats). If author do not want to open up their data, please state the reason in this section.

Consent for publication:
In the case of the paper involve any person’s data in any form, there is a needed to obtain consent to publish from that person (parent/legal guardian for data involving children).
Please state “Not applicable” in this section in the case the paper does not include any of the data from individual person.

Ethics approval consent to participate:
All procedures in the research conducted in the manuscript involve human subjects or laboratory animals, author must declare they have followed the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human or laboratory animal experimentation (institutional and national – please include name the ethics committee).
For studies that do not contain studies with human or laboratory animal subjects, please state “not applicable” in this section.