Zoological Studies

Vol. 49 No. 2, 2010

The Larger Mammal Fauna of Hong Kong: Species Survival in a Highly Degraded Landscape

Kurtis Jai-Chyi Pei1, Yu-Ching Lai2,*, Richard T. Corlett3, and Kai-Yuen Suen4

1Institute of Wildlife Conservation, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Neipu, Pingtung 912, Taiwan E-mail:kcjpei@mail.npust.edu.tw
2Department of Environmental and Hazards-Resistant Design, Huafan University, Shihting, Taipei 223, Taiwan
3Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, 117543, Singapore E-mail:corlett@nus.edu.sg
4Wildlife Conservation Foundation, Hong Kong. Rm. 10-12, 10 Fl., Honour Industrial Centre, 6 Sun Yip Street, Chai Wan, Hong Kong, China.  E-mail:klhart@netvigator.com

Kurtis Jai-Chyi Pei, Yu-Ching Lai, Richard T. Corlett, and Kai-Yuen Suen (2010) We spent 3 yr (2000-2003) surveying the status of larger mammals (> 0.5 kg) in the highly fragmented and degraded landscape of Hong Kong using 373 camera-trap sites distributed in 43 terrestrial wildlife habitat patches.  In total, 20 mammal species were recorded including 15 larger mammals.  The Malayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) and red muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) were apparently the most abundant species, while the crab-eating mongoose (Herpestes urva), Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla), small Indian mongoose (Herpestes javanicus), and yellow-bellied weasel (Mustela kathiah) were the least abundant.  The red muntjac, small Indian civet (Viverricula indica), and Malayan porcupine had the widest distributions, while the Chinese pangolin, small Indian mongoose, and yellow-bellied weasel were most restricted.  Many species were absent from Lantau I., despite its relatively large size (144 km2) and lower current human disturbance, suggesting past extirpations.  The key management need for larger mammals in Hong Kong is the protection and enhancement of habitat links between adjacent protected areas, especially the cross-border corridor between the National Forest Park in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province and the Country Park system in Hong Kong.

Key words: Camera traps, Conservation, Distribution patterns, South China.

*Correspondence: Tel: 882-2-26632102 ext. 4567.  Fax: 886-2-26639003.   E-mail:yuching@cc.huafan.hfu.edu.tw