Zoological Studies

Vol. 57, 2018

(update: 2018.08.30; 09.27) 

Taiwanese Leucothoidae (Crustacea: Amphipoda), Including Three New Species from Dongsha Atoll

Kristine N. White1,* and Ryuji J. Machida2

1The University of Tampa, Biology, 401 W. Kennedy Blvd., Tampa, FL 33606 U.S.A.
2Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, 128 Academia Road, Section 2, Nankang, Taipei 11529 Taiwan. E-mail: ryujimachida@gmail.com

(Received 18 July 2018; Accepted 22 August 2018; Communicated by Benny K.K. Chan)

Kristine N. White and Ryuji J. Machida (2018) Examination of leucothoid amphipods from Penghu, Green Island, and Dongsha Atoll revealed 16 species not previously reported from Taiwan. Leucothoe batillum sp. nov., Leucothoe cracentis sp. nov., and Paranamixis lunata sp. nov. are described from Dongsha Atoll. The ranges of 13 Leucothoe species are expanded to include the South China and Philippine Seas, suggesting genetic or geographic-driven connectivity between the South and East China Seas and the Philippine Sea. Leucothoe furina (Savigny, 1816), originally described from the Mediterranean or Red Sea, is reported from Taiwan, which suggests the occurrence of another cryptic species complex in the Leucothoidae.

Key words: Leucothoidae, New species, Taiwan, Dongsha, Connectivity.

*Correspondence: E-mail: knwhite@ut.edu