Vol. 59, 2020
(update: 2020.02.07; 06.29)
Ichthyofauna From Iranian Freshwater: Annotated Checklist, Diagnosis, Taxonomy, Distribution and Conservation Assessment
Arash Jouladeh-Roudbar1, Hamid Reza Ghanavi2,*, and Ignacio Doadrio3
of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran,
Karaj, Alborz, Iran. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Jouladeh-Roudbar)
Received 13 August 2019 / Accepted 9
is an annotated checklist of all the recognized and named taxa of
freshwater fishes in Iran. It documents recent changes and
controversies in the nomenclature and includes primary synonyms updated
from the Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. (2015b) checklist. We provide an
updated comprehensive listing of taxonomy, diagnostic and meristic
characters, names, and conservation status, including detailed
distribution maps. We strive to record the most recent justified
taxonomic assignment in a hierarchical framework, providing
annotations, including alternative possible arrangements, for some
proposed changes. We provide common English and Persian names, and
detail distributional data for all taxa, listing occurrence by basins,
including indications of native, endemic, and translocated populations.
We used the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria for classifying
species at high risk of global extinction. This checklist consists of
274 recognized species in 100 genera, 33 families, 20 orders and 3
classes. We also report and confirm for the first time the presence of
seven species from Iran’s basins: Aphanius
kruppi, Capoeta kaput,
O. gyndes, O. hanae and Squalius latus. The confirmed
freshwater fishes of Iran comprise 264 species in 97 genera, 33
families, 20 orders and 3 classes. The 241 endemic and native fish
species can be divided into the following conservation statuses: 1
Extinct in the Wild (EW), 17 Critically Endangered (CR), 12 Endangered
(EN), 15 Vulnerable (VU), 9 Near Threatened (NT), 148 Least Concern
(LC) and 39 Data Deficient (DD). Forty-four fish species (18.3% of the
241 species listed) are officially regarded as globally Threatened
(Critically Endangered [CR], Endangered [EN], or Vulnerable [VU]).
These numbers and percentages of Threatened species have increased
since the last checklist.
Key words: Alien Species, Conservation, Distribution, Fish, Iran, IUCN, Systematics, Taxonomy.
Jouladeh-Roudbar A, Ghanavi HR, Doadrio I. 2020. Ichthyofauna from
Iranian freshwater: Annotated checklist, diagnosis, taxonomy,
distribution and conservation assessment. Zool Stud 59:21. doi:10.6620/ZS.2020.59-21.