Vol. 60, 2021
Two New Moray Eels of Genera Diaphenchelys and Gymnothorax (Anguilliformes:
Muraenidae) from Taiwan and the Philippines
Wen-Chien Huang1,2,*, David G. Smith3, Kar-Hoe Loh4, and Te-Yu Liao5
Degree Program in Marine Biotechnology, National Sun Yat-sen
University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. *Correspondence: E-mail:
2Doctoral Degree Program in Marine Biotechnology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
3Smithsonian Institution, Museum Support Center, Suitland, MD, U.S.A. E-mail: email@example.com (Smith)
4Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Loh)
5Department of Oceanography, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. E-mail: email@example.com (Liao)
Received 6 October 2020 / Accepted 7 March 2021
Communicated by Hin-Kiu Mok
Two new moray eels of the genera Diaphenchelys and Gymnothorax from Taiwan and the Philippines are described. Diaphenchelys laimospila
sp. nov. is described based on two specimens that represent the third
species and a new geographic record of the genus. It can be
distinguished from the other two congeners by numbers of cephalic
sensory pores, vertebral formula, morphometric values, and the color
pattern. Gymnothorax pseudokidako
sp. nov. is a muraenid with a dark brown body covered by pale
snowflake-like blotches. It differs from the most similar species Gymnothorax kidako
(Temminck and Schlegel) by having a relatively short tail (50.5–53.0%
vs. 52.9–56.4% of TL), more dentary teeth (17–26 vs. 16–20), fewer
total vertebrae (134–139 vs. 137–143), and the absence of white margin
on anal fin (vs. prominent white margin). These two new species were
also confirmed by molecular analyses, the mitochondrial COI gene (593 bp) for D. laimospila, and the nuclear EGR3 gene (767 bp) for G. pseudokidako.
Key words: Elopomorpha, Muraeninae, Muraenoidei, New species, Western Pacific.
Citation: Huang WC, Smith DG, Loh KH, Liao TY. 2021. Two new moray eels of genera Diaphenchelys and Gymnothorax (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae) from Taiwan and the Philippines. Zool Stud 60:0y. doi:-.