Vol. 61, 2022
Elevational Distribution of
Amphibians: Resolving Distributions, Patterns, and Species Communities
in the Republic of Korea
Desiree Andersen1,§, Ming-Feng
Chuang2, Minjee Choe1, Ajoung Kim1, Sera Kwon1, Yikweon Jang1, and Amaël Borzée3,§,*
of EcoScience and Department of Life Sciences, Ewha Womans University,
52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, Republic of Korea.
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Andersen); email@example.com
(Choe); firstname.lastname@example.org (Kim); email@example.com (Kwon);
2Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing
University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Chuang)
3Laboratory of Animal Behaviour and Conservation,
College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University,
Nanjing, People’s Republic of China. *Correspondence:
E-mail: email@example.com (Borzée)
§DA and AB contributed
equally to this work.
Received 2 September 2021 / Accepted 13 April 2022
Communicated by Yeong-chey Kam
biodiversity organises along elevational trends and is generally
expected to decrease with increasing elevation. This pattern is
regulated by numerous factors, although principally overridden by
temperature in ectotherms such as amphibians. Here, we collated
elevation data (n = 55182)
collected between 1909 and 2020. We then determined elevation
distribution patterns and species communities for all amphibians in the
Republic of Korea. Species were found to range from sea level up to
1393 m a.s.l. The average elevational distribution was significantly
different between species but also between anura and caudata. On
average, anura were found at lower elevations with a peak in species
richness and abundance matching with the lowlands. In opposition, the
peak in species richness and abundance for caudata matched with low
hilly landscapes. The altitudinal distributions of species were
strongly skewed, with all 23 species found within the 0–199 m range, and
steadily decreasing with only five species within the last elevational
range (1200–1399 m). Finally, only a few species were found below 30 m,
reflecting a likely risk of salinisation in this environment. Our
results help understand the altitudinal distribution of amphibians in
the Republic of Korea.
Key words: Elevation range,
Amphibian, Species communities, Northeast Asia, Altitude.
Andersen D, Chuang MF, Choe M, Kim A, Kwon S, Jang Y, Borzée A. 2022.
Elevational distribution of amphibians: resolving distributions,
patterns, and species communities in the Republic of Korea. Zool Stud 61:25. doi:10.6620/ZS.2022.61-25.