Zoological Studies

Vol. 46 No. 1, 2007

Two New Shrimp Gobies of the Genus Ctenogobiops (Perciformes: Gobiidae), from the Western Pacific

John E. Randall1,*, Kwang-Tsao Shao2, and Jeng-Ping Chen3

1Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice St., Honolulu, HI 96817-2704, USA
2Research Center for Biodiversity, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei 115, Taiwan
3National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, Checheng, Pingtung 944, Taiwan

John E. Randall, Kwang-Tsao Shao, and Jeng-Ping Chen (2007) Ctenogobiops mitodes is described as a new species of gobiid fish from 12 specimens from Pratas Reef in the South China Sea and the Marshall Is., with nontype specimens from the Solomon Is. and Papua New Guinea, and photographic records from New Caledonia, Fiji, and Flores, Indonesia. Like others of the genus, it shares a burrow with alpheid shrimp. It is most similar to C. pomastictus Lubbock and Polunin (type locality, Great Barrier Reef), differing in having an elongate 2nd dorsal spine as an adult, 46-52 scales in longitudinal series on the body (compared to 55-59 for C. pomastictus), and 1 instead of 2 rows of dark spots on the cheek. Photographic records are provided for C. pomastictus from New Britain; Redang I., Malaysia; Banda Is., Indonesia; and Phuket, Thailand. Ctenogobius phaeostictus is described from a single 24.3 mm female specimen collected from the Madang area of Papua New Guinea at a depth of 10 m. It is distinguished from the 8 other species of the genus by having 13 instead of 10-12 soft rays in the dorsal and anal fins, an elongate 3rd dorsal spine, and a unique color pattern of numerous small dark spots, a single longitudinal row of 5 large black spots, and the apparent absence of a white spot on the pectoral fins.

Key words: Fish taxonomy, Indo-Pacific, Gobiidae, Ctenogobiops, New species.

*Correspondence: E-mail:jackr@hawaii.rr.com