Vol. 46 No. 2, 2007
A New Lizardfish (Aulopiformes: Synodontidae) from Taiwan
with Descriptions of Three New Records
Chen1,2, Hsuan-Ching Ho3,4, and Kwang-Tsao Shao4,*
Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, Pingtung 944, Taiwan
2Institute of Marine Biodiversity and Evolution,
National Dong Hwa University, Taichung 974, Taiwan
3Institute of Marine Biology, National Taiwan Ocean
University, Keelung 202, Taiwan
4Research Center for Biodiversity, Academia Sinica,
Nankang 115, Taiwan
Chen, Hsuan-Ching Ho, and Kwang-Tsao Shao (2007) In total, 13
species of the genus Synodus
of the family Synodontidae are recorded from Taiwan. Of these species, Synodus taiwanensis sp. nov. is
described as new based on 3 specimens; and, S. capricornis, S. lobeli, and S. tectus are new recorded from
Taiwan. The new species, Synodus
taiwanensis sp. nov., differs from other congeneric species by
having a prominent black pigment spot on the upper edge of operculum.
It can be further distinguished by the following characteristics:
opercular black spot undivided; pectoral fin not extend beyond a line
from base of pelvic fin to origin of dorsal fin; snout relatively
short; slightly fewer peritoneal spots than similar species. As for the
3 new records, S. capricornis
was previously recorded from the southeastern Pacific; S. lobeli was recorded from Hawaii
and Japan; and S. tectus was
recorded from the South China Sea to the Great Barrier Reef. The known
ranges of these species are now extended to Taiwan. A key to all known
species of Synodus from
Taiwan is provided.
Key words: Taxonomy,
Synodontidae, New species, Taiwan, West Pacific.
*Correspondence: Tel: 886-2-27899545. Fax: 886-2-27883463.