Zoological Studies

Vol. 46 No. 3, 2007

Cimelioidea: A New Superfamily Name for the Gold Moths (Lepidoptera: Glossata)

Shen-Horn Yen1,* and Joël Minet2

1Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
2Muséum National d , Histoire Naturelle, Département Systématique & Evolution, USM 602, Case Postale n°50 (Entomologie), F-75231 Paris Cedex 05, France

Shen-Horn Yen and Joël Minet (2007) The family name Axiidae has been used both for decapod crustaceans and the Lepidoptera.  Having identified the correct authorships and publication dates of the crustacean Axiidae and lepidopteran Axiidae, it has become clear that the latter name should be treated as a junior homonym of the former.  The name Anomalidae was occasionally used for this lepidopteran group but is not nomenclaturally available in the Lepidoptera (while Anomalini/-nae is a valid name in the Coleoptera) Cimeliidae Chrétien, 1916 is therefore the only family name that can be considered as valid for the taxa currently included in the lepidopteran Axiidae.  A new superfamily name, Cimelioidea, is hereby formally proposed to replace Axioidea.  This superfamily is tentatively assigned to“Geometromorpha”, but its phylogenetic relationships with the Calliduloidea,“butterflies” (= Hedyloidea + Rhopalocera), Drepanoidea, and Geometroidea (= Uranioidea) cannot be determined without a comprehensive phylogenetic backbone.  A synonymic checklist of the Cimeliidae is also provided.

Key words: Homonym, Nomenclatural stability, Biodiversity database, Macrolepidoptera phylogeny, Tympanal organ.

*Correspondence: E-mail:shenhornyen@hotmail.com