Zoological Studies

Vol. 47 No. 3, 2008

Sexual Polymorphism in a Population of Strombus canarium Linnaeus, 1758 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) at Merambong Shoal, Malaysia

Zaidi Che Cob1,*, Aziz Arshad2, Mohd Hanafi Idris2, Japar Sidik Bujang2, and Mazlan Abd Ghaffar1

1School of Environmental and Natural Resource Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Zaidi Che Cob, Aziz Arshad, Mohd Hanafi Idris, Japar Sidik Bujang, and Mazlan Abd Ghaffar (2008) Various morphometric parameters of Strombus canarium Linnaeus, 1758 from Merambong Shoal, Malaysia, were measured and analyzed. The parameters include shell length, body whorl length, shell width, shell depth, shell lip thickness, aperture length, animal weight and shell weight. The population showed sexual polymorphism, and in addition to normal males and females, a 3rd morph composed of abnormal females with imposex characters were present. The latter (imposex females) accounted for 35.71% of the total adult female sub-population. Comparisons between males and normal females showed that the former had a significantly larger, heavier, and more-elongate shell than the latter. The male shells also had a significantly thicker lip with a higher degree of posterior and lateral lip flaring. Conversely, females allocated more energy into tissue production than shell deposition relative to males. The 3rd imposex morph had a significantly larger and heavier shell, and a higher degree of thickening and flaring of the lip compared with both male and normal female shells. Imposex females also allocated less energy to gonad production relative to tissue production compared to normal females.

Key words: Dog conch, Allometric analysis, Polymorphism, Imposex.

*Correspondence: Tel: 60-3-89215238. Fax: 60-3-89253357. E-mail:zdcc@ukm.my