Zoological Studies

Vol. 47 No. 4, 2008

A Review of the Canarian Sphingonotini with Description of a New Species from Fuerteventura (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae)

Axel Hochkirch1,* and Martin Husemann2

1University of Trier, Department VI, Biogeography Group, Am Wissenschaftspark 25-27, Trier, D-54296, Germany
2University of Osnabrück, Department of Biology/Chemistry, Division of Ecology, Barbarastr 11, Osnabrück, D-49076, Germany

Axel Hochkirch and Martin Husemann (2008) The Canarian representatives of the tribe Sphingonotini (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae) are revised, and a molecular phylogeny based on mitochondrial (mt)DNA sequences (ND5) is presented.  The genera Wernerella, Pseudosphingonotus, and Neosphingonotus are synonymized with Sphingonotus.  A new grasshopper species from Fuerteventura, Sphingonotus fuerteventurae sp. nov., is described and compared with the Canarian Sphingonotini and some closely related West-Mediterranean species.  Some information on the distribution and ecology of the new species is given, and a key to the Canarian species of Sphingonotus is presented. 

Key words: Taxonomy, Canary Is., Cryptic species, Sphingonotini, Sphingonotus.

*Correspondence: Tel: 49-651-2014692.  Fax: 49-651-2013851.   E-mail:hochkirch@uni-trier.de