Zoological Studies

Vol. 51 No. 1, 2012

Population Structure and Historical Demography of the Whiskered Velvet Shrimp (Metapenaeopsis barbata) off China and Taiwan Inferred from the Mitochondrial Control Region

Ta-Jen Chu1, Daryi Wang2, Hsien-Lu Huang3, Feng-Jiau Lin4, and Tzong-Der Tzeng5,*

1Department of Leisure and Recreation Management, Chung Hua Univ., 707 Wu-Fu Road, Sec. 2, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
2Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Nangang, Taipei 115, Taiwan
3Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Fooyin Univ., 151 Chinhsueh Road, Ta-Liao, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan
4Department of Life Sciences, National Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan 701, Taiwan
5Department of Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Management, Shu-Te Univ., 59 Hun-Shan Rd., Hun-Shan Village, Yen-Chau, Kaohsiung 824, Taiwan

Ta-Jen Chu, Daryi Wang, Hsien-Lu Huang, Feng-Jiau Lin, and Tzong-Der Tzeng (2012) Sequence analyses of a 344-base-pair segment of the mitochondrial control region were conducted to elucidate the population structure and historical demography of the whiskered velvet shrimp (Metapenaeopsis barbata) off China and Taiwan. Six populations including 187 individuals were separately collected from the northern East China Sea (ECS), waters off Kagoshima (KS, Japan), Taichung (TC, west-central Taiwan), Cheding (CD, southwestern Taiwan), Xiamen (XM, southern China) and Hong Kong (HK). The haplotype diversity (h) was high for all populations (96.95%), with values ranging 89.1% (CD) to 98.9% (KS). Nucleotide diversity (π) of all populations was 1.524%, with values ranging 0.714% (TC) to 1.554% (ECS). All FST values among the 6 populations were significant except for the ones from the pairs TC-CD, XM-HK, KS-XM, and KS-HK. The haplotype network was divided into 2 clades: clade I included individuals from all populations but YZR, and clade II did not include specimens from CD or TC. Neutrality tests and mismatch distribution analyses both suggested that this species had experienced a population expansion. Three distinct groups were yielded by the AMOVA tests, pair-wise FST analyses, and the UPGMA tree of the 6 sampled areas. The 1st group included the ECS, the 2nd contained TC and CD, and the 3rd included the KS, XM, and HK populations. Based on the continuity of the geographic position and gene flow, the 2nd and 3rd groups should be considered a single population.

Key words: Metapenaeopsis barbata, Mitochondrial DNA, Population structure, Population expansion.

*Correspondence: Tel: 886-7-6158000 ext. 4211. Fax: 886-7-6158000 ext. 4299. E-mail:tdtzeng@stu.edu.tw