Zoological Studies

Vol. 51 No. 4, 2012

Studies on Subterranean Copepods from Italy, with Descriptions of Two New Epikarstic Species from a Cave in Sicily

Vezio Cottarelli1, Maria Cristina Bruno3,*, Maria Teresa Spena2, and Rosario Grasso2

1Dipartimento per l’Innovazione dei Sistemi Biologici, Agroalimentari e Forestali, UniversitÓ degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell’UniversitÓ snc, Viterbo I-01100, Italy. E-mail:cottarel@unitus.it
2Dipartimento di scienze biologiche, geologiche, ed ambientali, UniversitÓ degli Studi di Catania, Via Androne 81, Catania I-95124, Italy. E-mail:rosagra@unict.it
3Fondazione Edmund Mach, Centro Ricerca e Innovazione, Via E. Mach 1, S. Michele all’Adige (TN) I-38010, Italy

Vezio Cottarelli, Maria Cristina Bruno, Maria Teresa Spena, and Rosario Grasso (2012) This paper presents and discusses the copepod fauna collected from several rimstone pools in Conza Cave (Palermo, Sicily). The geology, lithology, and hydrology of the cave suggest that all of the copepods collected in the pools were dislodged from the epikarst and were carried by dripping water into the pools. The copepod fauna included the first record for Sicily of the Italian endemic stygobiotic cyclopoid Speocyclops italicus, the 1st cave Parastenocarididae of Sicily Parastenocaris diversitatis sp. nov., and the stygobiotic Canthocamptidae Bryocamptus (Rheocamptus) stillae sp. nov. Remarks on the ecology and biology of the collected taxa are presented and discussed.

Key words: Cave fauna, Speocyclops, Bryocamptus, Parastenocaris, New species.

*Correspondence: Tel: 39-0461-615555. E-mail:cristina.bruno@fmach.it