Vol. 53, 2014
The diaptomid fauna of Israel (Copepoda, Calanoida,
Diaptomidae), with notes on the systematics of Arctodiaptomus similis (Baird, 1859) and Arctodiaptomus irregularis Dimentman & Por,
1985 stat. rev
Marrone1*, Adam Petrusek2, Giuseppe Alfonso3
and Marco Arculeo1
STEBICEF, Sezione di Biologia animale ed Antropologia biologica,
Universit? degli Studi di Palermo, via Archirafi 18, 90123 Palermo,
2Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles
University in Prague, Viničn? 7, 128 44 Prague 2, Czech Republic
3Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche e
Ambientali - Di.S.Te.B.A, Laboratorio di Zoogeografia e Fauna,
Universit? del Salento, via Monteroni campus Ecotekne, 73100 Lecce,
Background: To date, only scarce
information is available about the diaptomid copepods of the Middle
East despite the ecological and biogeographical importance of the
family Diaptomidae in the inland waters of the Holarctic region.
Moreover, the taxonomic status of some of the taxa occurring in the
area is in need of revision. We studied crustaceans collected from
temporary and permanent lentic water bodies in Israel with the aim of
providing an updated census of the diaptomid copepods occurring in the
country. Furthermore, we morphologically and genetically analysed
samples of Arctodiaptomus similis
s.l. to shed light on its taxonomy.
Results: Five diaptomid taxa were collected during
this survey. Among these, Phyllodiaptomus
blanci is new for the country and the whole circum-Mediterranean
area and might be an allochthonous species of eastern origin. Within
the collected samples, we singled out two parapatric groups of
populations within A. similis s.l.; these consistently differ both
based on morphology (chaetotaxy of the left male antennule) and
molecular data (divergence over 17% at the mitochondrial gene for the
cytochrome b). We thus attribute the full species rank to Arctodiaptomus irregularis Dimentman & Por,
1985 stat. rev., originally described as a subspecies of the widespread
species Arctodiaptomus similis (Baird, 1859).
Conclusions: We critically
evaluated all species hitherto reported for Israeli inland waters.
Considering both the confirmed literature data and the new findings,
Israeli diaptomid fauna is composed of at least seven species. However,
the need for further surveys in the Middle East and for detailed
systematic revisions of some controversial taxa is stressed. Our
results on the systematics of A.
similis s.l. illustrate the importance of implementing molecular
analyses when investigating diversity patterns of groups which are
difficult to resolve based on morphology alone.
Key words: Copepod diversity; Middle East; Hemidiaptomus gurneyi canaanita; Arctodiaptomus similis; Arctodiaptomus irregularis stat. rev; Phyllodiaptomus blanci; Neolovenula alluaudi.
*Correspondence: E-mail: email@example.com