Zoological Studies

Vol. 58, 2019

(update: 2019.04.25; 05.22)

Resurrection and Re-description of Pampus candidus (Cuvier), Silver Pomfret from the Northern Indian Ocean

P. R. Divya1,*, Rahul G. Kumar1, Chelat Mohitha1, C.P. Rajool Shanis2, K. K. Bineesh3, V. S. Basheer1, and A. Gopalakrishnan4


1Peninsular and Marine Fish Genetic Resources, National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute campus, P.B.No.1603, Ernakulam North, P.O., Kochi 682 018, Kerala, India. *Correspondence: E-mail: divyanbfgr@gmail.com
2M.E.S. Ponnani College, Ponnani, Kerala, India
3Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Andamans, India
4Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, P.B.No.1603, Ernakulam North, P.O., Kochi 682 018, Kerala, India

Received 6 January 2019 / Accepted 9 April 2019
Communicated by Hin-Kiu Mok

Pomfrets (Genus Pampus) are commercially important fish in the Indo-Pacific region. The systematics of this genus is complicated because of morphological similarities between species. The silver pomfret from Indian waters has long been considered to be Pampus argenteus. Morphological and molecular examination of specimens from the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal regions suggested the silver pomfret from the region represents two species that are distinct both from each other and from P. argenteus from the South China Sea. Based on detailed morphological, meristic and molecular examinations, the most common species from the Indian Ocean was found to correspond with the descriptions of Stromateus candidus (Cuvier), which is resurrected from the synonymy of P. argenteus and redescribed here as Pampus candidus (new combination). The second species, which has restricted distribution in Indian waters needs further studies to arrive at taxonomic conclusions and is hence not described in the current study. Lectotypes are also designated for Pampus candidus.

Key words: Pampus argenteus, India, Resurrection, Morphology, Stromateus candidus.

Citation: Divya PR, Kumar RG, Mohitha C, Rajool Shanis CP, Bineesh KK, Basheer VS, Gopalakrishnan A. 2019. Resurrection and re-description of Pampus candidus (Cuvier), silver pomfret from the northern Indian Ocean. Zool Stud 58:7. doi:10.6620/ZS.2019.58-07.