Zoological Studies

Vol. 58, 2019

(update: 2019.11.18; 12.12)

Reproductive Biology of Johnius taiwanensis (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) in Fujian Waters, Southern China

Lan-Lan Zhang1, Min Liu1,*, Lü-Ping Fang1, Qing Xu1, and Jian-Jie Lin2


1State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, China. *Correspondence: Tel: +86-592-2880193. Fax: +86-592-2880193. E-mail: minliuxm@xmu.edu.cn
E-mail: 1035451458@qq.com (Zhang); lpfang@xmu.edu.cn (Fang); 1053779442@qq.com (Xu)
2Fuzhou Marine and Fisheries Technology Center, Fuzhou, Fujian, China. E-mail: 21841978@qq.com

Received 26 August 2019 / Accepted 12 November 2019
Communicated by Hin-Kiu Mok

Johnius taiwanensis is a newly described species from the Family Sciaenidae (Perciformes). The species is commonly found in shallow coastal waters along both sides of the Taiwan Strait, on the west sides of Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong and Hong Kong and east side of Taiwan, and has been misidentified for decades. We studied the reproductive biology of J. taiwanensis from Fujian coastal waters, southern China, using gonadosomatic index (GSI) and gonad histology analyses. Monthly sampling from July 2016 to October 2017 was conducted and a total of 638 specimens were collected, ranging from 7.3 to 19.0 cm standard length (SL). Gonad histology suggested that the spawning activity of J. taiwanensis females and males lasted from April to October, and the peak spawning months for females was July to September. Mature females and males were 12.5 and 11.8 cm SL, respectively, while the estimated sizes at 50% maturity were 12.0 cm and 10.9 cm SL, respectively. Vitellogenic stage oocytes (O3) and post-ovulatory follicles (POF) or hydrated oocytes (HO) were observed, and POF and O3 in ovaries indicated that J. taiwanensis spawns multiple times each spawning season. HO or both HO and POF were observed in ovaries collected from one same location in May 2017 and August 2016.

Key words: Gonad histology, Gonadosomatic index, Johnius taiwanensis, Sciaenidae, Spawning season.

Citation: Zhang LL, Liu M, Fang LP, Xu Q, Lin JJ. 2019. Reproductive biology of Johnius taiwanensis (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) in Fujian waters, southern China. Zool Stud 58: 038. doi:10.6620/ZS.2019.58-38.