Zoological Studies

Vol. 59, 2020

(update: 2020.02.07; 06.29)

Ichthyofauna From Iranian Freshwater: Annotated Checklist, Diagnosis, Taxonomy, Distribution and Conservation Assessment

Arash Jouladeh-Roudbar1, Hamid Reza Ghanavi2,*, and Ignacio Doadrio3


1Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Alborz, Iran. E-mail: jouladehroudbar@ut.ac.ir (Jouladeh-Roudbar)
2Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. *Correspondence: E-mail: hamid.ghanavi@gmail.com (Ghanavi)
3Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology Department, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales-CSIC, Madrid, Spain. E-mail: doadrio@mncn.csic.es (Doadrio)

Received 13 August 2019 / Accepted 9 January 2020
Communicated by Felipe Ottoni

This is an annotated checklist of all the recognized and named taxa of freshwater fishes in Iran. It documents recent changes and controversies in the nomenclature and includes primary synonyms updated from the Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. (2015b) checklist. We provide an updated comprehensive listing of taxonomy, diagnostic and meristic characters, names, and conservation status, including detailed distribution maps. We strive to record the most recent justified taxonomic assignment in a hierarchical framework, providing annotations, including alternative possible arrangements, for some proposed changes. We provide common English and Persian names, and detail distributional data for all taxa, listing occurrence by basins, including indications of native, endemic, and translocated populations. We used the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria for classifying species at high risk of global extinction. This checklist consists of 274 recognized species in 100 genera, 33 families, 20 orders and 3 classes. We also report and confirm for the first time the presence of seven species from Iran’s basins: Aphanius kruppi, Capoeta kaput, Luciobarbus conocephalus, Oxynoemacheilus veyselorum, O. gyndes, O. hanae and Squalius latus. The confirmed freshwater fishes of Iran comprise 264 species in 97 genera, 33 families, 20 orders and 3 classes. The 241 endemic and native fish species can be divided into the following conservation statuses: 1 Extinct in the Wild (EW), 17 Critically Endangered (CR), 12 Endangered (EN), 15 Vulnerable (VU), 9 Near Threatened (NT), 148 Least Concern (LC) and 39 Data Deficient (DD). Forty-four fish species (18.3% of the 241 species listed) are officially regarded as globally Threatened (Critically Endangered [CR], Endangered [EN], or Vulnerable [VU]). These numbers and percentages of Threatened species have increased since the last checklist.

Key words: Alien Species, Conservation, Distribution, Fish, Iran, IUCN, Systematics, Taxonomy.

Citation: Jouladeh-Roudbar A, Ghanavi HR, Doadrio I. 2020. Ichthyofauna from Iranian freshwater: Annotated checklist, diagnosis, taxonomy, distribution and conservation assessment. Zool Stud 59:21. doi:10.6620/ZS.2020.59-21.

Supplementary Materials: Appendix 1 | Appendix 2 | Appendix 3 | Appendix 4