Zoological Studies

Vol. 59, 2020

(update: 2020.10.15; 11.16)

Ontogenetic Development Related to Parental Care of a Neotropical Fish, Pterygoplichthys ambrosettii (Siluriformes: Loricariidae)

Renato B. Araujo1,* and Francisco Langeani11


1Ichthyology Lab, Department of Zoology and Botany, Universidade Estadual Paulista, R. Cristóvão Colombo 2265, 15054-000, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil. *Correspondence: E-mail: renatobraz1970@gmail.com (Araujo). Tel: +55-17-3224-5938.
E-mail: francisco.langeani@unesp.br (Langeani)

Received 18 May 2020 / Accepted 17 September 2020
Communicated by Felipe Ottoni

This study describes the main ontogenetic changes in the armored catfish Pterygoplichthys ambrosettii from newly hatched larva to adult. The relationship between the degree of development of newly hatched larvae and post-larvae and parental care is discussed. Ontogenetic series containing newly hatched larvae, post-larvae, and juveniles of P. ambrosettii were obtained from the Fish Culture Station of Universidade Estadual Paulista. Adult specimens were collected from the Preto River in the upper Paraná River basin. Morphological, osteological, morphometric, and meristic data and color pattern were analyzed. The species exhibited indirect development, with a distinct post-larval stage after the larval stage. Newly hatched larvae had a well-developed yolk sac and lacked pigmentation. The following characters underwent less change during development and can therefore be useful in taxonomical analyses: odontodes located posteriorly to the preopercle, number of plates on the lateral line, lower lip with three series of papillae, spots on the upper ray of the caudal fin, caudal fin similar to that of the adult, body ventrally covered with dermal plates and odontodes, small irregular spots on head, and typical ventral color pattern of the adult. The morphometric data revealed that most variation in body proportions occurred during less advanced developmental stages. Parental care influenced the ontogenetic development of newly hatched larvae.

Key words: Armored catfish, Behavior, Larval development, Morphology, Neotropics.

Citation: Araujo RB, Langeani F. 2020. Ontogenetic development related to parental care of a neotropical fish, Pterygoplichthys ambrosettii (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Zool Stud 59:56. doi:10.6620/ZS.2020.59-56.