Zoological Studies

Vol. 60, 2021

(update: 2021.07.26)
 

Diversity in the Taiwanese Swimming Crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Portunidae) Estimated through DNA Barcodes, with Descriptions of 14 New Records

Yu-Hsuan Huang1 and Hsi-Te Shih1,2,*

doi:-

1Department of Life Science, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan. E-mail: phasmida1130@gmail.com (Huang)
2Research Center for Global Change Biology, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan. *Correspondence: E-mail: htshih@dragon.nchu.edu.tw (Shih)

Received 6 April 2021 / Accepted 14 July 2021
Communicated by Benny K.K. Chan

The swimming crabs (family Portunidae) are distributed worldwide and commonly inhabit estuaries, mangroves, reefs, shallow and the deep sea. Previously, there were 75 species and 19 genera in this family known to Taiwan. Our study examined specimens from Taiwanese waters, including the islands, collected between 2016 and 2020 or deposited in museums. Through the cytochrome oxidase subunit I DNA barcode marker and morphological examination, 71 species were identified. The minimum interspecific distances were greater than 4.09%, except in two unresolved groups: Charybdis miles (De Haan, 1835) and Ch. sagamiensis Parisi, 1916, as well as Thranita pelsarti (Montgomery, 1931) and Thr. prymna (Herbst, 1803). In addition, 14 species belonging to nine genera were confirmed as new records to Taiwan, viz. Carupa ohashii Takeda, 1993, Lupocyclus inaequalis (Walker, 1887), Luu. tugelae Barnard, 1950, Lupocycloporus minutus (Shen, 1937), Monomia gladiator (Fabricius, 1798), M. lucida Koch & Ďuriš, 2018, Podophthalmus minabensis Sakai, 1961, Thalamita gatavakensis Nobili, 1906, Tha. spinifera Borradaile, 1902, Thalamitoides quadridens A. Milne-Edwards, 1869, Tho. tridens A. Milne-Edwards, 1869, Thr. cerasma (Wee & Ng, 1995), Thr. coeruleipes (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1846) and Xiphonectes tuberculosus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1861). This study thus raises the total number of Portunidae species from Taiwan to 89.

Key words: Newly recorded species, Morphology, Mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI), Barcodes.

Citation: Huang YH, Shih HT. 2021. Diversity in the Taiwanese swimming crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Portunidae) estimated through DNA barcodes, with descriptions of 14 new records. Zool Stud 60:60.

Supplementary materials: Table S1Table S2