Vol. 60, 2021
Classification and Morphology
of Rhinocypha spp. (Odonata):
A Comprehensive Taxonomic Study Within the Females
Noorhidayah Mamat1,*, Arpah Abu1, and Norma-Rashid Yusoff1
of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala
Lumpur, Malaysia. *Correspondence: E-mail: email@example.com (Mamat).
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Abu); email@example.com (Yusoff)
Received 31 January 2021 / Accepted 25 May 2021
Communicated by Y. Miles Zhang
on Odonata have gained worldwide attention as well as locally in
Malaysia. Although there is a wealth of data available to be utilized
for solving taxonomic problems but ecological and behavioural research
areas are more favoured in contrast to taxonomy and systematics. Thus,
there are existing confusions for correct identifications in closely
related and sympatric species, especially in female odonates. One such
example is in the genus of Rhinocypha.
Consequently, the research is focused on taxonomic work, employing
multi-approaches in the form of morphological (morphological
diagnostics, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope and geometric
morphometric analysis), with applying the molecular technique. 17
morphological characteristics were created to differentiate between the
females of Rhinocypha spp.
The FESEM on the female’s ovipositor was done to focus on the anal
appendages and sheathing valve (V3). Also, the phylogenetic patterns
expressed by COI and 16S rRNA
genes, and canonical variate analysis for the wing geometric
morphometric revealed three clusters that supported the distinction of
the Rhinocypha group. In
summary, this study had effectively developed an integrated approach of
classic morphological and trendy molecular, combined with microscopy
techniques, FESEM, which provided corroborative evidence in resolving
Key words: Dragonflies, Female’s ovipositor, Geometric morphometric, Mitochondrial COI, 16S rRNA.
Citation: Mamat N, Abu A, Yusoff N. 2021. Classification and morphology of Rhinocypha spp. (Odonata): a comprehensive taxonomic study within the females. Zool Stud 60:47.
Materials: Appendix 1