Zoological Studies

Vol. 61, 2022

(update: 2022.1.3)

The Identity of Homoioplax haswelli (Miers, 1884) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura)

Peter K. L. Ng1, Paul F. Clark2,*, and Shane T. Ahyong3

1Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 2 Conservatory Drive, Singapore 117377, Republic of Singapore. E-mail: peterng@nus.edu.sg (Ng)
2Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England. *Correspondence: E-mail: p.clark@nhm.ac.uk (Clark)
3Australian Museum Research Institute, Australian Museum, 1 William Street, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia, and School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia. E-mail: shane.ahyong@austmus.gov.au (Ahyong)

Received 18 October 2021 / Accepted 24 December 2021
Communicated by Benny K.K. Chan

The brachyuran crab, Pseudorhombila haswelli Miers, 1884, described on the basis of two juveniles from the Arafura Sea, is a poorly known species of uncertain systematic position. It was made the type and only species of Homoioplax Rathbun, 1914, and assigned to the Prionoplacinae (Goneplacidae). Subsequent revisions of the goneplacids showed Prionoplacinae to be a junior synonym of Eucratopsinae Stimpson, 1871, as a member of the Panopeidae Ortmann, 1893, but none re-evaluated the position of Homoioplax. As a result, Homoioplax has remained in the Panopeidae as the only Indo-West Pacific representative of the family. This study assesses the systematic status of Homoioplax haswelli based on re-study of the type and other material of the species. Homoioplax haswelli is here attributed to Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852 (Goneplacidae), justifying the recognition of the species described by Miers as C. haswelli. Moreover, Carcinoplax haswelli is shown to be a senior synonym of C. sinica Chen, 1984, described from the South China Sea. Therefore, C. haswelli is now known to range from southern Taiwan and the Philippines, through the South China Sea, northern Vietnam, the eastern waters of Singapore to the Madura Straits in eastern Java and Arafura Sea, northern Australia, at 25–187 m, usually less than 100 m depth.

Key words: Pseudorhombila haswelli, Carcinoplax, new combination, senior synonym, C. sinica, New distribution, Goneplacidae.

Citation: Ng PKL, Clark PF, Ahyong ST. 2022. The identity of Homoioplax haswelli (Miers, 1884) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Zool Stud 61:0f.