Zoological Studies

Vol. 61, 2022

(update: 2022.5.5)

Phylogenetic Appraisal of Lysiosquillidae Giesbrecht, 1910, and a New Species of Lysiosquilloides Manning, 1977, from Taiwan (Crustacea: Stomatopoda: Lysiosquilloidea)

Shane T. Ahyong1,2,* and Chia-Wei Lin3,4

1Marine Invertebrates, Australian Museum, 1 William St., Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia
2School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia. *Correspondence: E-mail: shane.ahyong@austmus.gov.au (Ahyong)
3Department of Exhibition, National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, 2 Houwan Road, Checheng, Pingtung, 944, Taiwan. E-mail: linchiawei@nmmba.gov.tw (Lin)
4Institute of Marine Biology, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien 974, Taiwan

Received 15 October 2021 / Accepted 4 February 2022
Communicated by Benny K.K. Chan

The mantis shrimp family Lysiosquillidae includes the largest known stomatopods and presently includes three genera: Lysiosquilla Dana, 1852, Lysiosquillina Manning, 1995, and Lysiosquilloides Manning, 1977. Since 1995, new species assigned to all three lysiosquilloid genera have been recognised: Lysiosquilla manningi Boyko, 2000, Lysiosquillina lisa Ahyong & Randall, 2001, Lysiosquilla colemani Ahyong, 2001,
Lysiosquilla suthersi Ahyong, 2001, and Lysiosquilloides mapia Erdmann & Boyer, 2003, and Lysiosquilla isos Ahyong, 2004. Lysiosquillina lisa, Lysiosquilla campechiensis Manning, 1962 and Lysiosquilla suthersi, however, proved problematical to assign to genera owing to the possession of characters intermediate between Lysiosquilla sensu stricto and Lysiosquillina sensu stricto. In particular, species that are transitional between Lysiosquilla and Lysiosquillina challenge the validity of the latter genus. Here, we reassess the status and composition of the lysiosquillid genera by cladistic analysis of all known species in the family. Lysiosquillina is synonymized with Lysiosquilla and a new species of Lysiosquilloides is described from Taiwan. A key to the species of Lysiosquilloides is provided.

Key words: Mantis shrimp, Indo-West Pacific, Phylogeny, Systematics, Taxonomy, Coral reef.

Citation: Shyong ST, Lin CW. 2022. Phylogenetic appraisal of Lysiosquillidae Giesbrecht, 1910, and a new species of Lysiosquilloides Manning, 1977, from Taiwan (Crustacea: Stomatopoda: Lysiosquilloidea). Zool Stud 61:12. doi:10.6620/ZS.2022.61-12.