Zoological Studies

Vol. 61, 2022

(update: 2022.9.12)

The Impact of Lantana camara on Invertebrates and Plant Species of the Groenkloof Nature Reserve, South Africa

Tlou D. Raphela1,* and Kevin Duffy1

1Institute of System Science, Durban University of Technology, 4-43 M L Sultan Road, P O Box, 1334, Durban, 4000, South Africa. *Correspondence: E-mail: Madeizen@gmail.com (Raphela).
E-mail: kevind@dut.ac.za (Duffy)

Received 20 July 2021 / Accepted 4 May 2022
Communicated by Teng-Chiu Lin

Invasive plant species have negative ecological impacts such as displacing indigenous plants and invertebrates. These invasive plant species affect biodiversity by impacting indigenous vegetation and the food webs associated with this vegetation. We assessed how Lantana camara affects indigenous plant species richness and invertebrates and their feeding guilds in riparian habitats inside the Groenkloof Nature Reserve in South Africa. We showed: (1) A lower abundance and morphospecies richness of invertebrates as well as lower numbers of plant species in lantana-invaded habitat as compared to indigenous bush and grass-dominated habitats. (2) A Negative association between plant species richness and L. camara above ground mass and shoot density, but no association was found between plant species richness and the size of L. camara invaded areas. This finding suggests a link between the reduction in overall invertebrate abundance and morphospecies richness and the replacement of native plant species by invasive lantana. (3). This increased biomass in natural vegetation was even more evident for
detrivores as compared to other feeding guilds. Extensive invasion by L. camara is affecting the quality of riparian ecosystems especially for invertebrates that rely on decaying plants and animals as food and this will affect overall biodiversity.

Key words: Bushland, Grassland, Riparian vegetation, Invasion, Feeding guilds.

Citation: Raphela TD, Duffy K. 2022. The impact of Lantana camara on invertebrates and plant species of the Groenkloof Nature Reserve, South Africa. Zool Stud 61:33. doi:10.6620/ZS.2022.61-33