Vol. 62, 2023
Revision of Salmoneus cristatus (Coutière,
1897) and allied forms (Decapoda: Caridea: Alpheidae)
Ashrafi1,*, Arthur Anker2,3, and Zdeněk Ďuriš1
of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava,
Chittussiho 10, CZ-71000, Ostrava, Czech Republic. *Correspondence:
E-mail: email@example.com (Ashrafi)
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Ďuriš)
2Red Sea Research Center, King Abdullah University of
Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. E-mail:
3Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Departamento de
Ecologia, Zoologia e Genética, Instituto de Biologia, Campus
Universitário Capão do Leão, RS, 96010-610, Brazil
(Received 28 June 2022 / Accepted 4
September 2023 / Published -- 2023)
Communicated by Ka Hou Chu
Salmoneus cristatus (Coutière,
1897) is one of the first described species in the alpheid genus Jousseaumea Coutière, 1897, a name
later invalidated and replaced by Salmoneus
Holthuis, 1955. The species was described based on material from
Djibouti and was initially characterised by the presence of a
pronounced, posteriorly extending carina on the mid-dorsal line of the
carapace, a shoulder-like elevation of the orbital hoods, and a
red-banded colour pattern. Relying mainly on morphological features,
various authors reported S. cristatus
from several localities in the Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Sea to
southern China and Australia. However, recently collected material
attributable to S. cristatus
on morphological grounds allowed to combine morphological characters,
molecular data and colour patterns, demonstrating the existence of at
least four species under the name of S.
cristatus, including three species morphologically similar, but
phylogenetically distant from S.
cristatus s. str. Therefore, S.
cristatus is redescribed herein based on recent material from
Saudi Arabia and Iran, as well as older material from Israel and
Madagascar, with designation of a neotype from the Red Sea coast of
Saudi Arabia. Three new species, viz. S.
paracristatus sp. nov., S.
franseni sp. nov., and S.
alius sp. nov., are described based on recent material from
Papua New Guinea for the former two species, and New Caledonia, Papua
New Guinea and the Solomon Islands for the latter species. However, at
least two of these new species seem to have wider distributions in the
Key words: Marine biodiversity,
Alpheid shrimps, Salmoneus,
Phylogeny, Indo-West Pacific, New species
Citation: Ashrafi H, Anker A, Ďuriš Z.
2023. Revision of Salmoneus cristatus
(Coutière, 1897) and allied forms (Decapoda: Caridea: Alpheidae) using
integrative taxonomy. Zool Stud 62:53.
We follow the code of the
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, taxonomic papers
with new species/genus descriptions will not have early view version.